Knowledge of an Indigenous Language, 2016

Notes: This refers to the proportion of individuals who can carry on a conversation in an Indigenous language. Source: Statistics Canada; 2016 Census/2011 National Household Survey

Indigenous Languages Spoken, 2016

Notes: Refers to languages, other than English or French, in which the respondent can conduct a conversation. Cree languages include the following categories: Cree not otherwise specified (which refers to those who reported ‘Cree’), Swampy Cree, Plains Cree, Woods...

Knowledge of English or French, 2016

Notes: Refers to the ability to conduct a conversation in English only, in French only, in both English and French, or in neither English nor French Source: Statistics Canada; 2016 Census